# How To Calculate Operating Income

However, the two numbers are different ways of expressing a company’s earnings, and they have different deductions and credits involved in their calculations. The main difference is that revenue is a company’s income before deducting expenses, while operating income represents the profit after subtracting expenses. Operating income is considered a critical indicator of how efficiently a business is operating. It is an indirect measure of productivity and a company’s ability to generate more earnings, which can then be used to further expand the business. Investors closely monitor operating profit in order to assess the trend of a company’s efficiency over a period of time. To calculate income from operations, just take a company’s gross income and subtract the operating expenses.

Operating income is also known as operating profit, and is sometimes referred to as EBIT, or Earnings Before Interest and Taxes. When creating your income statement, you can decide how to classify your expenses. For example, you can break down your administrative, selling, operating, and general expenses in the expenses section of your income statement.

## Net profit

Operating income is the amount of income a company generates from its core operations, meaning it excludes any income and expenses not directly tied to the core business. Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and operating income are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are not the same. While operating income equals revenue minus operating expenses, EBIT also subtracts the cost of goods sold (COGS).

The difference between the numbers shows why analyzing financial statements is so critical to investors before buying a stock. Each investor might come to a different conclusion about the financial performance of J.C. Penney by evaluating the numbers at different stages in the business cycle. The above example shows the importance of using multiple metrics in analyzing the profitability of a company. NOI is even more similar to earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA). To calculate gross income, you would subtract the \$40,000 in COGS from your \$500,000 in revenue.

## Are operating income and EBIT the same?

Like EBIT, EBITDA differs from operating income in that it includes income and expenses from non-operating sources. But unlike EBIT, it also excludes depreciation and amortization, which are costs that are included when calculating operating income. The terms “operating income” and “earnings before interest and taxes” (EBIT) are often used interchangeably, but there’s a key difference between the two. As its name suggests, EBIT is net income excluding interest payments and taxes. Unlike operating income, EBIT can include revenue and expenses from non-operational sources. If a company doesn’t have revenue or expenses from those sources, EBIT will be the same as operating income.

Capital expenditures, such as costs for a new air-conditioning system for the entire building, are not included in the calculation. Net operating income is a valuation method used by real estate professionals to determine the precise value of their income-producing properties. To calculate NOI, the property’s operating expenses must be subtracted from the income a property produces. To calculate income from operations, just take a company’s gross income and subtract the operating expenses. Operating income is calculated by taking a company’s revenue, then subtracting the cost of goods sold and operating expenses. Operating income and revenue differ as they represent different aspects of a business’s finances.

Operating income is an earnings “level” on the income statement, sitting below the operational part of the income statement. It’s the next level of revenue refinement after gross profit since it includes the non-direct costs of creating the revenue. Operating income refers to the adjusted revenue of a company after all expenses of operation and depreciation are subtracted.

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## How To Calculate Operating Income

Sales revenue or net sales is the monetary amount obtained from selling goods and services to business customers, excluding merchandise returned and any allowances/discounts offered to customers. Things like inventory, raw materials, labor, and marketing are all expenses that fall under COGS. For a more in-depth look into how to prepare an income statement, we have an entire video on income statements (remember, an income statement is also called a “profit and loss statement”!) below.

• Net operating income is revenue less all operating expenses while net income is revenue less all expenses, including operating expenses and non-operating expenses, such as taxes.
• Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications.
• Net operating income is a valuation method used by real estate professionals to determine the precise value of their income-producing properties.
• However, net income accounts for all business expenses, not just those pertaining to everyday operations.
• Charlene Rhinehart is a CPA , CFE, chair of an Illinois CPA Society committee, and has a degree in accounting and finance from DePaul University.

EBIT is often considered synonymous with operating income, although there are exceptions. When looking at a company’s financial statements, revenue is often the highest level of financial reporting. Nonoperating revenue is the money that a business earns from side activities unrelated to its daily activities, such as profits from investments or dividend income. Operating revenue is revenue earned from a business’s main activities, whether selling goods or services. An electrician’s operating revenue comes from providing electrical services. Apple’s revenue comes from iPhones, iMacs, and other devices and services sold by the company.

## Is operating income EBITDA or EBIT?

NOI is not a percentage but rather a number that takes into consideration the revenues and expenses of a property. It can be compared to the entire value of the property if that property had been paid fully in cash. In this case, the higher the net operating income to property price percentage, the better. The income statement structure tends to list items from the most inclusive (total revenue) down to the most exclusive (net income), so operating income will be somewhere nearer the top.

If the total is negative, where operating expenses are higher than revenues, the result is called a net operating loss (NOL). Operating income is the amount of profit a company has after paying for all expenses related to its core operations. It is recorded after deducting depreciation, amortization, and the cost of goods sold.

## What is the difference between operating income and revenue?

Because operating income deducts less expenses than net income, it is usually a higher calculated amount. In other words, JCPenney posted a yearly loss of \$116 million after deducting the interest paid on its outstanding debt. Even so, the disparity between revenue and operating income is significant.

Charlene Rhinehart is a CPA , CFE, chair of an Illinois CPA Society committee, and has a degree in accounting and finance from DePaul University. As an example of the latter, consider a scenario where an apartment owner waives a tenant’s yearly \$12,000 rent, in exchange for that renter acting as a property manager. If the apartment owner what is a bank statement would normally pay a building manager a \$30,000 salary, they may consequently subtract the “reasonably necessary” cost of \$30,000 from revenue, rather than the actual cost of \$12,000. A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation.

## What Is Operating Income and How to Calculate It

In closing, Apple’s operating income in fiscal year 2022 is approximately \$119.4 billion, which can be divided by its revenue to arrive at an operating margin of 30.3%. The next step is to calculate Apple’s gross profit by subtracting its cost of sales from its net sales, which comes out to \$170,782 million. Operating income is not used in the EBIT calculation, but interest expense is included. Both interest and tax expenses are added back to net income because net income has those expenses deducted to arrive at net income.

Investment bankers and finance professionals in mergers and acquisitions may use a company’s operating income when considering investment options and doing comparable company analyses. Since operating profit doesn’t reflect taxes, analysts can use it to compare companies in states or countries with differing tax systems. Accountants typically report this metric on financial statements like the income sheet and the statement of operations, which also gives an overview of COGS, sales numbers, and operating expenses. Importantly, operating income excludes “non-operating” income and expense items that are not technically part of the core business operations, but can be significant. All items needed to calculate operating income, as well as operating income itself, are included. The cost of revenue is shown, rather than COGS, since this is a service company.

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In a nutshell, net operating income is a company’s direct profit from its core operations. Boosting this metric is all about running your chosen business more efficiently, generating stronger revenues while keeping a tight grip on your day-to-day expenses. The operating income definition differs from that of net income in that operating income does not represent interest paid or collected, taxes, investments or specialized or one-time costs. Net income represents all business expenses, providing a more comprehensive view of a company’s profitability. These different figures reveal different qualities of a given business and should be understood and considered separately. As the JCPenney example illustrates, the difference between revenue and operating income shows why analyzing financial statements can be challenging.

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